Respiratory Systems – Positive Findings (studies which show at least a correlation between respiratory disease/symptoms and mold)
<pdf-urls><url>internal-pdf://Weinhold – 2007 – A spreading concern inhalational health effects of mold.pdf</url></pdf-urls><web-urls><url></url><url>
<pdf-urls><url>internal-pdf://Shoemaker, House – 2005 – A Time-series Study of Sick Building Syndrome.pdf</url></pdf-urls>
PMID: 9701134
Dales RE, Burnett R, Zwanenburg H. Adverse health effects among adults exposed to home dampness and molds. Am Rev Respir Dis 1991; 143: 505-509.
Curtis L, Lieberman A, Stark M, Rea W, Vetter M. Adverse health effects of indoor molds. Journal of Nutritional and Medicine 2004; 14: 261-274.
Council on Scientific Affairs.  Adverse human health effects associated with molds in the indoor environment. JOEM 2003; 45(5): 470-478.
Menzies D, Comtois P, Pasztor J, Nunes F, Hanley JA. Aeroallergens and work-related respiratory symptoms among office workers. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1998; 101(1): 38-44.
Thorn J, Rylander R. Airways inflammation and glucan in a rowhouse area. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998; 157: 1798-1803.
All survey results of research of health effects of exposure to indoor mold ongoing research as of October 1, 2007. GAO-08-984SP. Pages 1-41.
Abramson, S., A. Turner-Henson, et al. 2006. “Allergens in school settings: Results of environmental assessments in 3 city school systems.” Journal of School Health 76(6):246-249.
Norback D. An update on sick building syndrome. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2009; 9: 55-59.
Apte, M., W. Fisk, and J. Daisey. 2000. “Associations between indoor CO2 concentrations and sick building syndrome symptoms in U.S. Office buildings: An analysis of the 1994-1996 BASE study data.” Indoor Air10(4):246-257.
Smedje, G., D. Norbäck, and C. Edling. 1997. “Asthma among secondary schoolchildren in relation to the school environment.” Clinical and Experimental Allergy 27:1270-1278.
Taskinen, T., A. Hyvärinen, et al. 1999. “Asthma and respiratory infections in school children with special reference to moisture and mold problems in the school.” Acta Pædiatrica, 88:1373-1379.
Hodgson MJ, Morey P, Leung WY, Morrow L, Miller D, Jarvis BB, Robins H, Halsey JF, Storey. Building-associated pulmonary disease from exposure to Stachybotrys chartarum and Aspergillus versicolor. J Occup Environ Med 1998; 40(3): 241-249.
View issue TOC Volume 15, Issue 2 1989 Pages 187–195 Article
Craner J. Building-related illness in occupants of mold-contaminated houses: a case series. Eastern New York Occupational & Environmental Health Center 1999; 146-157.
Park JH, Schleiff PL, Attfield MD, Cox-Ganser JM, Kreiss K. Building-related respiratory symptoms can be predicted with semi-quantitative indices of exposure to dampness and mold. Indoor Air 2004; 14: 425-433.
Park J, Schleiff P, Attfield M, Cox-Ganser J, Kreiss K.
Martinez FD. 2007
Institute of Medicine. Committee on the Assessment of Asthma and Indoor Air. 2000. Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Exposures. Washington, D.C., National Academy Press.
Johanning E, Landsbergis P, Gareis M, Yang CS, Olmsted E. Clinical experience and results of a sentinel health investigation related to indoor fungal exposure. Environmental Health Perspectives 1999; 107(3): 489-494.
Gordon WA, Cantor JB, Johanning E, Charatz H, Ashman TA, Breeze JL, Haddad L, Abramowitz S. Cognitive impairment associated with toxigenic fungal exposure: a replication and extension of previous findings. Applied Neuropsychology 2004; 11(2): 65-74.
Thomas G, Burton N, Mueller C, Page E. Comparison of mold exposures, work-related symptoms, and visual contrast sensitivity between employees at a severely water-damaged school and employees at a school without significant water damage. Health Hazard Evaluation Report. HETA 2005-0135-3116 Alcee Fortier Senior High School. New Orleans, Louisiana. September 2010.
Cooley JD, Wong WC, Jumper CA, Straus DC. Correlation between the prevalence of certain fungi and sick building syndrome. Occup Environ Med 1998; 55: 579-584
Mitchell CS, Zhang J, Sigsgaard T, Jantunen M, Lioy PJ, Samson R, Karol MH.  Current state of the science: health effects and indoor environmental quality. Environmental Health Perspectives 2007; 115(6): 958-964.
Verhoeff AP, van Strien RT, van Wijnen JH, Brunekreef B. Damp housing and childhood respiratory symptoms: the role of sensitization to dust mites and molds. American Journal of Epidemiology 1995; 141(2): 103-109.
Ruotsalainen, R., N. Jaakkola, and J.J.K., Jaakkola. 1995. “Dampness and molds in day-care centers as an occupational health problem.” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 66:369-374.
Bornehag G, Sundell J, Sigsgaard T. Dampness in buildings and health (DBH): report from an ongoing epidemiological investigation on the association between indoor environmental factors and health effects among children in Sweden. Indoor Air 2004; 14(Suppl 7): 59-66.
Bornehag, C.G., G. Blomquist, et al. 2001. “Dampness in buildings and health: Nordic interdisciplinary review of the scientific evidence on associations between exposure to “dampness’ in buildings and health effects (NORDDAMP).” Indoor Air 11(2):72-86.
Bornehag CG, Blomquist G, Gyntelberg F, Jarvholm B, Malmberg P, Nordvall L, Nielsen A, Pershagen G, Sundell J. Dampness in buildings and health. Nordic interdisciplinary review of the scientific evidence on associations between exposure to “dampness” in buildings and health effects (NORDDAMP). Indoor Air 2001; 11(2): 72-86.
Wan GH, Li CS. Dampness, airway inflammation and systemic symptoms in office building workers. Archives of Environmental Health 1999; 54(1): 58-63.
Gyntelberg, F., P. Suadicani, et al. 1994. “Dust and the sick building syndrome.” Indoor Air 4(4):223-238.
Rea WJ, Didriksen N, Simon TR, Pan Y, Fenyves EJ, Griffiths B. Effects of toxic exposure to molds and mycotoxins in building-related illnesses. Arch Environ Health 2003; 58(7): 399-405.
Rylander R.
Mendell, M.J., G.N. Naco, et al. 2003. “Environmental risk factors and work-related lower respiratory symptoms in 80 office buildings: An exploratory analysis of NIOSH data.” American Journal Industrial Medicine 43:630-641.
Hope AP, Simon RA. Excess dampness and mold growth in homes: an evidence-based review of the aeroirritant effect and its potential causes. Allergy Asthma Proc 2007; 28(3): 262-270.
Frederick R, Furtaw Jr EJ, Haugland RA, Hudnell K, Kolb L, Menetrez MY, Macler B, Selgrade MK, Shoemaker JA, Van Emon JM, Vesper SJ, Ward MW, Wymer LJ. Exposure of children to indoor molds. EPA Science Forum 2004;
<pdf-urls><url>internal-pdf://Shoemaker, Maizel – 2009 – Exposure to Interior Environments of Water-Damaged Buildings Causes a CFS-like Illness in Pediatric Patients.pdf</url></pdf-urls>
LI Ow and Yang CS
Sorenson WG. Fungal spores: hazardous to health? Environmental Health Perspectives 1999; 107(3): 469-472.
Johanning E, Biagini R, Hull D, Morey P, Jarvis B, Landsbergis P. Health and immunology study following exposure to toxigenic fungi (Stachybotrys chartarum) in a water-damaged office environment. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 1996; 68: 207-218.
Liebers V, Raulf-Heimsoth M, Bruning T.
Santilli J. Health effects of mold exposure in public schools. Current Allergy and Asthma Reports 2002; 2: 460-467.
Verhoeff AP, Burge HA.Health risk assessment of fungi in home environments. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1997; 78: 544-556.
Vesper S, McKinstry C, Haugland R, Neas L, Hudgens E, Heidenfelder B, Gallagher J. Higher environmental relative moldiness index (ERMI) values measured in Detroit homes of severely asthmatic children. Sci Total Environ 2008; 394: 192-196.
<pdf-urls><url>internal-pdf://Pirhonen et al. – 1996 – Home dampness, moulds and their influence on respiratory infections and symptoms in adults in Finland.pdf</url></pdf-urls>
Iossifova YY, Reponen T, Bernstein DI, Levin L, Kalra H, Campo P, Villareal M, Lockey J, Hershey GKKK, LeMasters G. House dust (1-3)-B-D-glucan and wheezing in infants. Allergy 2007: 62: 504-513.
Housing Interventions and Health: A review of the evidence. National Center for Healthy Housing, 2009
Sieber, W.K., M.R. Petersen, et al. 2002. “HVAC characteristics and occupant health.” ASHRAE Journal, September 2002:49-52.
Sahakian N, White S, Park J, Cox-Ganser J, Kreiss K.
Rao CY, Kurukularatne C, Garcia-Diaz, JB, Kemmerly SA, Reed D, Fridkin SK, Morgan J
Savilahti, R., J. Uitti, et al. 2001. “Increased prevalence of atopy among children exposed to mold in a school building.” Allergy 56:175-179.
Norbäck, D., R. Walinder, et al. 2000. “Indoor air pollutants in schools: Nasal patency and biomarkers in nasal lavage.” Allergy 55(2):163-170.
King N, Auger P. Indoor air quality, fungi and health. How do we stand? Can Fam Physician 2002; 48: 298-302.
Jaakkola MS, Nordman H, Piipari R, Uitti J, Laitinen J, Karjalainen A, Hahtola P, Jaakkola JJK. Indoor dampness and molds and development of adult-onset asthma: a population-based incident case-control study. Environmental Health Perspectives 2002; 110(5): 543-547.
<pdf-urls><url>internal-pdf://Jaakkola et al. – 2002 – Indoor Dampness and Molds and Development of Adult-Onset Asthma A Population-Based Incident Case–Control Study.pdf</url></pdf-urls><web-urls><url></url></web-urls>
Jacob B, Ritz B, Gehring U, Koch A, Bischof W, Wichmann HE, Heinrich J. Indoor exposure to molds and allergic sensitization. Environmental Health Perspectives 2002; 110(7): 647-653.
Kilburn KH. Indoor mold exposure associated with neurobehavioral and pulmonary impairment: a preliminary report. Arch Environ Health 2003; 58(7): 390-398
Gent JF, Ren P, Belanger K, Triche E, Bracken MB, Holford TR, Leaderer BP. Levels of household mold associated with respiratory symptoms in the first year of life in a cohort at risk for asthma. Environmental Health Perspectives 2002; 110(12): A781-A786.
Calderon-Garciduenas L, Solt AC, Henriquez-Roldan C, Torres-Jardon, R, Nuse B, Herrit L, Villarreal-Calderon R, Osnaya N, Stone I, García R, Brooks DM, González-Maciel A, Reynoso-Robles R, Delgado-Chavez R, Reed W. 2008
Fisk, W.J., Q. Lei-Gomez, and M.J. Mendell. 2007. “Meta-analyses of the associations of respiratory health effects with dampness and mold in homes.” Indoor Air 17(4):284-295.
Rylander R 2004
Taskinen, T., T. Meklin, et al. 1997. “Moisture and mould problems in schools and respiratory manifestations in schoolchildren: Clinical and skin test findings.” Acta Pædiatrica 86:1181-1187.
Reijula K
Campbell A, Thrasher J, Gray M, Vojdani A. Mold and mycotoxins: effects on the neurological and immune systems in humans. Adv Appl Microbiol 2004; 55: 375-406.
Barbeau, D, Grimsley L, White L, El-Dahr J, Lichtveld M. Mold exposure and health effects following hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Annu Rev. Public Health 2010; 31: 165-78.
<pdf-urls><url>internal-pdf://Rosen – Unknown – Mold Toxins &amp;amp Related Illness — Cause &amp;amp Effect Implications for Mold Sensitive Adults and Children.pdf</url></pdf-urls><web-urls><url></url></web-urls>
Mold, moisture and your home. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Air and Radiation Indoor Environments Division. 2007
Straus D. Mold, mycotoxins, and sick building syndrome. Toxicology and Industrial Health 25: 617-635.
Gray M. Molds and mycotoxins: beyond allergies and asthma. Altern Ther Health Med 2007j; 13: S146-52.
Meyer HW, Wurtz H, Suadicani P, Valbjern O, Sigsgaard T, Gyntelberg F. Molds in floor dust and building-related symptoms among adolescent school children: a  problem for boys only? Indoor Air 2005; 15(Suppl 10): 17-24.
Ebbehoj, N.E., H.W. Meyer, et al. 2005. “Molds in floor dust, building related symptoms, and lung function among male and female schoolteachers.” Indoor Air 15 (Supplement 10):7-16.
Jarvis BB, Miller JD. Mycotoxins as harmful indoor air contaminants. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2005; 66(4): 367-372.
Toxicol Ind Health. 2009 Oct-Nov;25(9-10):681-92. doi: 10.1177/0748233709348390
Empting LD
Baldo JV, Ahmad L, Ruff R. Neuropsychological performance of patients following mold exposure. Appl Neuropsychol 2002; 9(4): 193-202.
Mendell, M. 1993. “Non-specific symptoms in office workers: A review and summary of the epidemiologic literature.” Indoor Air 3(4):227-236.
Kemp, P.C., P. Dingle, et al. 1998. “Particulate matter intervention study: A casual factor of building-related symptoms in an older building.” Indoor Air 8 (3):153-172.
Gunnbjornsdottir MI, Franklin KA, Norback D, Bjornsson E, Gisason D, Lindberg E, Svanes C, Omenaas E, Norrman E, Jogi R, Jensen EJ, Dahlman-Hoglund A, Janson C. Prevalence and incidence of respiratory symptoms in relation to indoor dampness: the RHINE study. Thorax 2006; 61: 221-225.
Bourbeau J, Brisson C, Allaire S. Prevalence of the sick building syndrome symptoms in office workers before and after being exposed to a building with an improved ventilation system. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 1996; 53: 204-210.
Vesper SJ, McKinstry C, Haugland RA, Iossofova Y, Lemasters G, Levin L, Hersgey GKK, Villareal M, Bernstein DI, Lockey J, Reponen T. Relative moldiness index as predictor of childhood respiratory illness. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2006; 1-7.
Dailloux M, Abalain ML, Lebrun L, Loos-Ayav C, et al 2006
Akpinar-Elci M, Siegel P, Cox-Ganser J, Stemple K, White S, Hilsbos K, Weissman D.
Savilahti R, Uitti J, Laippala P, Husman T, Roto P. Respiratory morbidity among children following renovation of a water-damaged school. Arch Environ Health 2000; 55(6): 405-410.
Cox-Ganser JM, White SK, Jones R, Hilsbos K, Storey E, Enright PL, Rao CY, Kreiss K. Respiratory morbidity in office workers in a water-damaged building. Environmental Health Perspectives 2005; 113(4): 485-490.
Ammann HM. Is indoor mold contamination a threat to health? Washington State Dept. of Health.
Vesper SJ, McKinstry C, Yang C, Haugland RA, Kercsmar CM, Yike I, Schluchter MD, Kirchner HL, Sobolewski J, Allan TM, Dearborn DG. Specific molds associated with asthma in water-damaged homes. JOEM 2006; 48(8): 852-858.
Mazur L, Kim J. Spectrum of noninfectious health effects from molds.  Pediatrics 2006; 118: 1909-1926.
Miller JD, Rand TG, Jarvis BB. Stachybotrys chartarum: cause of human disease or media darling? Medical Mycology 2003; 41: 271-291.
Fung F, Clark R, Williams S. Stachybotrys, a mycotoxin-producing fungus of increasing toxicologic importance. Clinical Toxicology 1998; 36(1&2): 76-86.
Skov, P. and 0. Valbjorn. 1987. “The ‘sick’ building syndrome in the office environment: The Danish Town Hall study.” Environment International 13: 339-349.
Thorn J.
Sieber, W.K., L.T. Stayner, et al. 1996. “The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health indoor environmental evaluation experience. Part Three: Associations between environmental factors and self-reported health conditions.” Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 11(12):1387-1392.
Gunnbjornsdottir MI, Norback D, Plaschke P, Norrman E, Bjornsson E, Janson C. The relationship between indicators of building dampness and respiratory health in young Swedish adults. Respir Med 2003; 94(4): 302-307.
Peters A, Veronesi B, Calderon-Garciduenas L, Gehr P, et al. 2006
<pdf-urls><url>internal-pdf://Unknown – 2009 – Water Damage in an Elementary School Respiratory Symptoms and Atopy among Children One year follow-up after the renovat.pdf</url></pdf-urls><web-urls><url></url></web-urls>
<pdf-urls><url>internal-pdf://Etzel – Unknown – What the Primary Care Pediatrician Should Know about Syndromes Associated with Exposures to Mycotoxins.pdf</url></pdf-urls><web-urls><url> the Primary Care Pediatrician Should Know About Syndromes Associated with Exposures to Mycotoxins_2006.pdf</url></web-urls>